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小学生体质健康促进的家校体育结合问题分析

来源:原创五星独胆倍投方案网 添加时间:2019-05-10

  摘 要

  小学生体质健康促进的家校体育结合实施路径研究

  近年来,青少年体质健康问题备受社会关注,国家及各级政府也就目前青少年学生体质健康状况,出台了相应的政策和措施,并将青少年体质健康促进工程上升至国家战略,全面推进青少年学生体质健康的改观和提升。但是,目前仅仅依靠学校力量来促进学生的体质健康状况是远远不够的,还需要家庭、社会等各方面共同的参与,尤其是家庭在促进小学生体质健康方面具有非常重要的作用,主要表现在学生在小学阶段对父母具有较强的依赖性,家庭的教育会对孩子未来的发展造成深远的影响。但是,目前家庭教育主要体现在对学生个人素养的提升和学生课业水平的关注上,对体质健康状况关注度不高,缺乏学生健康思想的引领,导致学生家庭体育教育的缺失,甚至会影响学校体育的开展。因此家校体育的结合将会进一步促进学生体质健康状况。

  本研究主要采用文献资料法、调查法及数理统计法等方法,对石家庄市主城区 5 所小学在学生体质健康促进方面,“家校体育结合”目前的实施现状进行了调查,深入探析了家长、体育教师及学生对“家校体育结合”的认识及参与情况,详细了解目前学校“家校体育结合”的实践形式、具体的实践情况及影响“家校体育结合”的因素,发现其中存在的问题与不足,结合调查结果,根据 Swap 提出“家庭-学校伙伴关系”理论,建构了小学生体质健康促进的家校体育结合实施路径。

  研究结果表明:

  目前家校体育结合的主要形式有“家长会”、“亲子活动”、“家庭作业”及“书信或电子通信”等,但流于形式;家校结合活动频率不高,缺乏针对性;微信、QQ 等交流平台和家长会是家长了解学生最常用的沟通方式,电话是体育教师向家长反馈信息最常用的沟通方式,但家长反馈过于被动,沟通频率低,沟通缺乏有效性。

  学校缺乏对于家长关注学生健康思想的引领;体育教师对于学生的体质健康状况及学生在家、在校的体育表现等方面的问题,主动性不强,认识不足;另外,家长在促进学生体质健康方面与学校配合的不够深入,不够系统。

体育五星独胆倍投方案

  学校领导、体育教师、家长及学生都是影响家校体育结合开展的主要群体;时间因素和体育意识是家长群体影响学校体育结合的主要原因;教师的职业素养、家校体育结合方案的制定和实施、体育教师对家校体育结合内容的检验是体育教师群体影响家校体育结合的主要的因素。

  学生体质健康促进的家校体育结合现存的主要问题包括:各群体对于家校体育结合认识不够,意识淡薄;家校体育结合内容片面缺乏系统性、连贯性;家校体育结合缺乏互动性和平等性。结合“家校体育结合”现存的问题,提出小学生体质健康促进的家校体育结合实施路径如下:创设家校体育结合有效的双向沟通;以体质健康促进为目的的互相支持;以完善制度为导向的共同决策;提高学生体质健康状况的在家与在校的学习。

  关键词: 小学生体质健康;家校体育;实施路径

  Abstract

  In recent years, teenagers'physical health has attracted much attention from thesociety. The state and governments at all levels have also promulgated correspondingpolicies and measures to promote teenagers' physical health. The project of promotingteenagers'physical health has been upgraded to the national strategy to promote theimprovement of teenagers' physical health in an all-round way. However, it is far fromenough to rely solely on the strength of schools to promote the physical health ofstudents. It also needs the participation of families and society, especially the familyplays a very important role in promoting the physical health of primary schoolstudents, mainly in the primary school students have a strong dependence on theirparents. Sex, family education will have a profound impact on children's futuredevelopment. However, at present, family education is mainly reflected in thepromotion of students'personal qualities and the level of students' schoolwork. It doesnot pay much attention to their physical health and lacks the guidance ofstudents'health thoughts, which leads to the lack of family physical education andeven affects the development of school physical education. Therefore, thecombination of home school sports will further promote students' physical health.

  This research mainly uses the methods of literature, investigation, interview,Delphi and mathematical statistics to investigate the current implementation status of"home-school sports integration" in students'physical health promotion in fourprimary schools in Shijiazhuang main urban area, and probes into the parents,physical education teachers and students' home-school sports. Based on theunderstanding and participation of the integration of education and physical education,this paper makes a detailed understanding of the current practice form, the specificpractice situation and the factors affecting the integration of home-school physicaleducation, finds out the existing problems and shortcomings, and puts forward thetheory of "family-school partnership" according to Swap's findings, and constructs asmall school. The combination of family and school sports is the way to promote students' physical health.

  The results show that:

  At present, the main forms of home school sports are "association", "parent andchild activities", "homework" and "correspondence or electronic communication", butnot in the form.He said that the combined activities of home schools are not high infrequency and lack of focus.The communication platforms such as wechat and QQand parents' meetings are the most commonly used ways for parents to understandtheir students, and the telephone is the most commonly used way for sports teachersto communicate with their parents, but parental feedback is toopassive.Communication frequency is low, communication is not effective.

  Lack of leadership in schools regarding parents' concern for students' health;Hesaid that teachers of physical education have little initiative and knowledge about thestudents' physical health and their performance at home and in school.In addition,parents do not cooperate with the school in promoting students' physical health andare not systematic enough.

  School leaders, physical education teachers, parents and students are majorgroups that influence the integration of physical education in schools;The time factorand the sports consciousness are the main reasons which the parent group influencethe school sports combination;The teacher's professional accomplishment, theformulation and implementation of the sports combination scheme of home school,and the physical education teacher's examination of the combined content of homeschool sports are the main factors that influence the sports combination of homeschool teachers.

  The main problems existing in the combination of home school physicaleducation, which promotes students' physical fitness, include the lack of awarenessand awareness of the combination of home school sports among various groups.Thelack of systematic and consistent integration of physical education in schools;Thecombination of home school sports lacks interaction and interaction.On the existingproblems of the combination of home school sports,This paper puts forward thefollowing path to implement the combination of home school physical education,which promotes the physical health of primary school students.Mutual support for thepromotion of physical health;Common decision-making oriented towards improvedsystems;Home and school study to improve students' physical health.

  Key words: primary;school students;physical health;home;school;sportsimplementation path.

  目 录

  1 文献综述

  1.1 核心概念的界定

  1.1.1 体质健康

  在我国学校体育的话语环境里,“学生体质健康”或“青少年体质健康”一直是重要的主体和概念,而实际上,体质是指人的生命活动和运动能力的物质基础,理想体质是指良好的人体质量,是在遗传的基础上,经过后天的努力塑造所能达到的形态、结构、生理功能、心理素质和对外环境的整体良好状态。这和现代健康关于身体健康、心理健康、社会健康三方面内容是基本一致的。所以学生体质健康就是保持体格方面、精神方面和社会方面的理想状态。

【由于本篇文章为硕士五星独胆倍投方案,如需全文请点击底部下载全文链接】

  1.1.2 健康促进
  1.2 关于“家校结合”的相关研究
  1.2.1 影响家校结合的因素及改进策略
  1.2.2 实践经验介绍
  1.3 关于家校体育结合的相关研究
  1.4 国外关于家校体育结合方面的研究

  2 研究对象与方法

  2.1 研究对象
  2.2 研究方法
  2.2.1 文献资料法
  2.2.2 调查法
  2.2.3 数理统计法

  3 研究结果与分析

  3.1 小学生体质健康促进的家校体育结合实施的现状调查与分析
  3.1.1 目前关于家校体育结合的基本形式
  3.1.2 关于家校体育结合实践情况的调查
  3.1.3 关于家校体育结合影响因素的调查
  3.2 小学生体质健康促进的家校体育结合存在的问题
  3.2.1 各群体对于家校体育结合认识不够意识淡薄
  3.2.2 家校体育结合内容片面缺乏系统性、连贯性
  3.2.3 家校体育结合缺乏互动性和平等性
  3.3 学生体质健康促进的家校体育结合实施路径建构
  3.3.1 创设家校体育结合有效的双向沟通
  3.3.2 以体质健康促进为目的的互相支持
  3.3.3 以完善制度为导向的共同决策
  3.3.4 提高学生体质健康状况的在家与在校的学习

结论

  1.目前家校体育结合的主要形式有“家长会”、“亲子活动”、“家庭作业”

  及“书信或电子通信”等,但流于形式;最主要的家校结合形式是在学校举办运动会、亲子活动、户外拓展等实践活动,但活动频率不高,缺乏针对性;在家校体育结合的沟通上,微信、QQ 等交流平台和家长会是家长了解学生最常用的沟通方式,电话是体育教师向家长反馈信息最常用的沟通方式,但家长反馈过于被动,沟通频率低,沟通缺乏有效性。

  2.学校缺乏对于家长关注学生健康思想的引领;体育教师对于学生的体质健康状况及学生在家、在校的体育表现等方面的问题,主动性不强,认识不足;另外,家长在促进学生体质健康方面与学校配合的不够深入,不够系统。

  3.学校领导、体育教师、家长及学生都是影响家校体育结合开展的主要群体,其中学校领导对于家校体育结合的开展影响最大,需要引起重视,学生群体影响最小,家长和体育教师要做好对学生的主动安排和合理引导工作;时间因素和体育意识是家长群体影响学校体育结合的主要原因;教师的职业素养、家校体育结合方案的制定和实施、体育教师对家校体育结合内容的检验是体育教师群体影响家校体育结合的主要的因素。

  4.学生体质健康促进的家校体育结合现存的主要问题包括:各群体对于家校体育结合认识不够,意识淡薄;家校体育结合内容片面缺乏系统性、连贯性;家校体育结合缺乏互动性和平等性。

  5.学生体质健康促进的家校体育结合实施路径包括:创设家校体育结合有效的双向沟通;以体质健康促进为目的的互相支持;以完善制度为导向的共同决策;提高学生体质健康状况的在家与在校的学习。

  参考文献

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